Exercise 4. Match the verbs in column A with nouns in column B - Политология
Local government in Ukraine
Exercise 1. Read the following text.
The Constitution of Ukraine contains some articles that specify the basic principles of local self-government in the country.
Article 140.Local government is the right of a territorial community – residents of a village or a voluntary association of residents of several villages into one village community, residents of a settlement, and of a city – to independently resolve issues of local character within the limits of the Constitution and the laws of Ukraine.
Local government is exercised by a territorial community by the procedure established by law, both directly and through bodies of local government: village, settlement and city councils, and their executive bodies.
District and oblast councils are bodies of local government that represent the common interests of territorial communities of villages, settlements and cities.
Article 141.A village, settlement and city council is composed of deputies elected for a five-year term by residents of a village, a settlement and a city on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage, by secret ballot.
Territorial communities elect for a five-year term on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage, by secret ballot, the head of the village, the settlement and the city, respectively, that runs the executive body of the council and presides at its meetings. The chairman of a district council and the chairman of an oblast council are elected by the respective council and manage the executive staff of the council.
Article 142. The material and financial basis of local community council is movable and immovable property, revenues of local budgets, other funds, land, natural resources owned by territorial communities of villages, settlements, cities, city districts, and also objects of their common property that are managed by district and oblast councils.
Article 143.Territorial communities of a village, a settlement and a city, directly or through the bodies of local government established by them, manage the property that is in communal ownership; approve programs of socio-economic and cultural development, and control their implementation; approve budgets of the respective administrative and territorial units, and control their implementation; establish local taxes and levies in accordance with the law.
Exercise 2. Translate the following words and word combinations into Ukrainian.to specify (v) common (adj.) local (adj.) district (n) community (n) to preside (v) resident (n) respective (adj.) village (n) staff (n) association (n) movable (adj.) to resolve (v) immovable (adj.) voluntary (adj.) property (n) settlement (n) revenues (n) particular (adj.) to establish (v) to determine (v) to own (v) through (prep.) ownership (n) to run (v) tax (n) council (n) levy (n) government (n) to manage (v)
Exercise 3. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)? Tick the correct answer.S t a t e m e n t s T F Example: The Constitution of Ukraine specifies the basic principles of local government in Ukraine. + 1. The cities of Kiev and Sevastopol use the same principles of local government as any other city in Ukraine. 2.Territorial community exercises local government directly and through the local councils and their executive bodies. 3. The chairman of a district council is elected by the residents of the appropriate territorial community. 4. Territorial communities establish local taxes and levies in accordance with the law.
Exercise 4. Match the verbs in column A with nouns in column B.A B Word combination Example: local government local government 1. territorial ownership 2. to establish unit 3. local ballot 4.communal implementation 5. territorial community 6. secret association 7. to control council 8. movable revenues 9. voluntary taxes 10. budget property
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